Scanned By Howard Osburn

Presented by The Wayne County Genealogical & Historical Society



(WCN - 1/3/1935) Woman Has Done Man's Work, But Active At 70

Missouri Branch, W. Va.
December 31, 1934.

Wayne County News,
Wayne, W. Va.


I am nearing 70 years of age, and am the eighth of ten children born to Jake and Elizabeth Marcum.

When I was only sixteen years old I would pull a turn of corn on a sled up the creek which was frozen over with ice to the water mill and have the corn ground into meal. Add Crum was the owner of the mill.

About all the clothes we had were made from wool, cotton and flax. I have sheared sheep, carded the wool, spun and wove it into cloth and then made it into clothes for the entire family.

I have also raised cotton, picked it and sat many a night and ginned it, separating the seeds from the cotton. While I was ginning it, mother was carding and spinning. At times my father would weave a yard or two of cloth, while the rest of the family was spinning, carding, picking wool and cotton.

I'm the mother of eight children. I've helped make cross ties when they were only eighteen cents each. I've built fence, split rails, cut rail timber, cleared ground, hoed corn and plowed all days lots of hot summer days, and I can still spin, card, weave and knit.




Work has been started on tho old Norfolk and Western railroad right-of-way, which will be widened for highway purposes and serve as a relocation for U. S. Route No. 52.

The work now underway, on the link between Missouri branch and the Mingo county line, is being done entirely for the present by hand labor, with about 60 men employed. Power equipment will be brought in later and the number of employees will be increased. At the present there is no means of transporting workmen and local labor is being used exclusively.

This project under the direction of the state road commission with the use of relief labor under the supervision of the ERA, will make of Route 52 a super highway. A two per cent grade will be the steepest hill along the route.

When the railway company abandoned its road between the town of Wayne and Lenore, in Mingo county, the road bed was purchased by the state road commission to serve as a highway route.

The project, covering a distance of about 34 miles will require several months to complete.



A survey of the proposed road from Kenova up the Big Sandy River to Crum is to be made soon, according to information received from the road commission by J. G. Lambert, chairman of the Big Sandy River Trail association.

In a letter to Mr. Lambert recently, Ernest L. Bailey, state road commissioner, said an E.R.A. survey party now working on Route 5 out of Huntington would be moved into Wayne county for the purpose of completing the survey of the Big Sandy road. This will be done, it was said, as soon as the Ohio river road (Route 5) survey is completed.

Mr. Bailey further explained that it was necessary to spend the money available last year in the improvements of existing roads in the county.

"While I will not undertake to say what the legislature will do," Mr. Bailey wrote, "I think it may be properly assumed that it will view with reasonable liberality the proposed road program, in which case it will be possible to start some work on the road in question about next July. I know of no other source of funds by which the road can be started earlier than that unless the federal public works administration should make an additional grant for road construction, which at this time seems improbable.



William E. Canterbury, well known newspaper man of central and northern West Virginia, is the new managing editor of the Wayne County News, succeeding Roy Lee Harmon, who was forced by illness to resign.

Mr. Canterbury entered upon his new duties this week. He is a graduate of West Virginia Wesleyan college and has had five years of experience in the newspaper business as editor of The Roane County Reporter at Spencer and editor and manager of The Buckhannon Record at Buckhannon, W. Va. Both The Reporter and The Record are large Democratic newspapers.

Mr. Canterbury came to Wayne from Charleston where he was employed as a clerk in the road commission. He also served as supervisor of printing in the house of delegates during the last session of the legislature. During the past six months he edited the West Virginia New Deal, official publication of the Young Democratic clubs of West Virginia.

Mr. Canterbury is one of the young editors of the state and is a native West Virginian. He is married, has one child. His family will move here the latter part of January.



New officers were elected at a recent meeting of the Fort Gay Knights of Pythias lodge. T. T. Ailiff was chosen chancellor commander. Others elected were:

Geo. M. Rowe, V. C.; Hugh Hooser, Prel.; Dewey Hinkle, M. of W.; W. R. Frasher, M at A.; L. L. Lycan, K. R. S.; L. F. Frasher, M. of E.; Ebb Ferguson, I. G.; Harold Bartram, O. G.

Four candidates were initiated and two reinstated.

The meeting was in the nature of a watch party and was attended by thirty members. Refreshments were served at the conclusion of the meeting.

It is planned to hold regular practice for a degree team, it was announced by Mr. Ailiff.

L. L. Lycan, president of the 10th Pythian district, says that he has made a proposition to all lodges in the district which is meeting with favor. He plans to entertain with a dinner and theatre party for the stationed officers of the lodge that makes the greatest percentage gain from January to June 30, 1935.



Officers of Wayne county Captured a still in operation and arrested two men on the scene, near the mouth of Tabor's creek, Butler district, Thursday afternoon about three o'clock.

The prisoners, Sherman Vanhoose and Okey Pack, were arraigned before Squire Henry Wellman at Fort Gay on a charge of operating the still. They waived

to the grand jury and are being held under $1,000 bond each.

Three and one-fourth gallons of liquor which had just been run off were confiscated, according to the officers.

The still, a 50-gallon capacity oil drum outfit, was located in the open along the bank of Sandy river. Although rain was pouring down the still was in full blast, officers said. It was within 100 yards of the Vanhoose home.

Officers conducting the raid were Oscar Allen, W. R. May and Pearley Wilson, deputy sheriffs; Dave Wellman, constable, and S. S. Buskirk, Wayne town policeman.



No change will be made in the present route of U. S. Highway No. 52, according to information received here.

It had been reported that the state road commission intended to change the route between Dunlow and Naugatuck, routing the highway through Breeden, Dingess, Hale, Canterbury and Lenore and striking back into the present highway at Naugatuck but the latest information is that this change is not planned by the commission.

Work on the present stretch of highway from Dunlow through Dingess will make this route a secondary highway only and it will not be designated as Route 52, it was learned. This work is being done by federal and state relief agencies.

Route 52 will follow its present course from Dunlow through Crum, Stonecoal, Grey Eagle and Kermit to Williamson, Road Commissioner Ernest L. Bailey is reported to have told a committee from the Williamson chamber of commerce which had called on him to protest against the rumored re-routing of the highway in such a manner as to cut off Williamson as well as Crum, Stonecoal and other towns.

It had been reported also that Route 52 would be relocated from Missouri Branch straight across to Lenore and from there to Delbarton, which is a shorter route. This would have left Williamson, Crum and other towns off the arterial highway. The more direct highway, through Lenore, is open and now in use but has not been designated as the official highway.


(WCN - 3/28/1935) Tells Of Indian Fort In County

Hester Meade of Glenhayes is the first person to suggest a place in Wayne county which should be marked with a bronze tablet for its historical interest.

Miss Meade wrote this week about an old Indian fort, located on the point between Lynn fork and Fort hollow of Lost creek, about three miles from Glenhayes and two and one-half miles from Dunlow.

The fort was located on a tract containing about four or five acres, Miss Meade reports. It is surrounded by a number of rock cliffs and rock walls, now fallen, which the Indians constructed to protect themselves from attacks.

If anyone wishes to visit the fort they should see Luther Meade of Lost Creek, who will serve as guide.

Miss Meade's suggestion will be listed and turned over to the state commission on scenic and historical markers. Other readers of Wayne County News are requested to submit their suggestions as to scenic and historical places in the county which should be marked by the state commission.


(WCN - 4/4/1935) Maynards Return To Cave From Home Rented By ERA

"Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home."

Home to Mose Maynard and family is a cave on Wilson branch, near the West Virginia-Kentucky border, and the sentiment for home caused them to return to his cave after voluntarily giving up the residence which had been provided for them at Glenhayes by he ERA.

The Maynards, seven of them, headed by Mose Maynard, 84, had spent the winter at Glenhayes in living quarters rented for them by the relief administration which "rescued" them from the cave last December. Other members of the family are Mrs. Maynard, 90, and widowed daughter and four children.

Although no explanation was given for the Maynards' return to heir home beneath a rock cliff, apparently they were willing to forego the more modern conveniences of a town residence maintained at public expense through the ERA, preferring their cave abode in its isolated sitting and the plot of ground on a hillside where last summer they raised corn which enabled them, with a cow they kept and the assistance of a small relief allowance, to eke out a living to their own satisfaction.

When the Maynards' condition came to the attention of relief officials last December, provisions were made for removing them to Glenhayes. A store building was renovated and made suitable for a home at a rent of $7 each month, paid by the ERA. The Maynards also were given clothing, mattresses, blankets and other household articles and $3.50 a week in direct relief money. It was recalled this week that Mr. Maynard explained last December that he and his Family lived in the cave because no house was available.

The cave, about ten feet high, is sheltered in the front with old boards and crumpled tin salvaged from the ruins of a house destroyed by fire. The family seemed to be getting along very Well in their cave, as they had a number of hams, some canned food and a cow, it was reported by relief officials last December.

Apparently the Maynards prefer to get back to the land and to their cave home where they have greater freedom and can wrest part of their living, at least, from the soil.

It is the first case of voluntary discontinuance of relief to be reported to county ERA headquarters, because the Maynards back in their old home will not have to depend upon the relief administration to pay the rent.


(WCN - 4/11/1935) Teacher Gives History Of Colored School In County

One of the smallest schools in point of enrollment in the state is located at Fort Gay, this county. It does not have an enrollment of over eight, but it is a colored school and there are few Negroes in Wayne county.

There are only two schools for colored people in this county, the other one being located at Seegar hill, near Ceredo. There, too, the enrollment is small.

Elsie Matney, teacher at the Fort Gay school, which was taught by her mother 47 years ago, says that the first school for colored people in Wayne county was established in 1870 on the waters of Tabor's creek in Butler district. The teacher was Thomas Gillispie, Negro. He conducted the school for two consecutive terms but during the later part of the second period the building was destroyed by fire and the teacher removed to a rock cave situated on a farm about two miles north of Fort Gay, where he finished the term.

In 1872 another school was established at the farm of the late Reuben Booton near Trout's hill, now the city of Wayne. This building was built of logs and the teacher was Dick Jones, a white man.

According to Mrs. Matney, the school was moved the next year back to Butler district where it was rebuilt, again of logs, on the farm of the late Frank Bromley, colored. Teachers were James Bartram, white, and Abe Cook, colored.

Mrs. Matney writes:

"As the colored population during those first years of freedom was rather nomadic the school was moved again to the top of a hill on a tract of land owned by Andrew Black. This was another log structure built near the line of what is known as the 'Doc' Frashier farm just outside the present limits of Fort Gay."

The board of education, which had now begun to maintain the schools, imported teachers from Ohio until West Virginia began to provide education for her own colored teachers.

"About the year 1888," Mrs. Matney writes, "the colored people had begun to buy homes and small tracts of lands for themselves and began making settlements in and around Fort Gay, Wayne and Ceredo. This of course brought about the establishment of more schools. The one in Fort Gay built in 1883 by the board of education is a small frame building 20 by 20 and is still in use. The land was donated by the late Henry Livisay (Uncle Henry was well known in Wayne county.) The school opened the same year with Mary Osborne as teacher. She taught one term and married one of the Livisay boys and made her home in Fort Gay to bring up sons and daughters for this same school. About this time the board was maintaining a school at Wayne."

Later a school was established at Ceredo. It still remains, under the new name of "Seegar Hill."

Teachers for the Fort Gay school were imported from Ohio until 1902 when Emma Bromley, daughter of Frank and Emmariah Bromley of Fort Gay Route 1, finished the eight grades and was qualified to teach her home school.

Another Wayne county girl who taught there was Jessie Lindsey, daughter of Allen and Jetta Lindsey of Wayne.

The present teacher, Elsie Livisay Matney, daughter of Grant and Mary Osborne Livisay of Fort Gay, has been teaching there since 1929.

Mrs. Matney says:

"Of the first schools in Wayne county there are eleven surviving pupils, the youngest of whom is well past three score years." They are as follows:

George Livisay, Christina Bromley Livisay, Sarah Bromley Jones and Evaline Howard Epps, all of Huntington; "Doc" Loar of Westmoreland; Foster Livisay of Fort Gay; Amanda Burgess Freese, Laura Burgess Polley, Jenkie Jarred Holley and Pauline Reid of Louisa, Ky., and Alonzo Garred of Ironton, O.



Construction of a canning and refrigerating plant for the use of the entire county is being investigated by the county court and other officials and relief agencies.

At a meeting held Monday, attended by leading citizens and members of the court, a committee was appointed to investigate details of the proposed cannery especially the cost of construction. Members of the committee are William Garrison, agricultural agent; W. D. Bowling, ERA administrator; O. E. Haubrock of Kenova; C. E. Romans, member of the county court, and Mrs. W. B Smith.

The plant would serve as a storehouse for all surplus food, which would be stored and canned for use in relief next winter.

It is the intention of those interested in the project that the cannery be constructed through the use of ERA funds.

Other projects which the county may be permitted to establish under the relief program to be launched soon by the federal government, are also under consideration by the county court.

If federal funds are available for the purpose, the court has under consideration a number of improvements to the court house and jail, and the county infirmary, hospital and community center.

The court also has in view the securing of money which may be allocated to Wayne county for use in improving the roads of the county.



E. V. Wilkinson, veteran mail carrier on Route 2 out of the Wayne office, will be retired on a pension May 31.

On that day he will make his last trip after 24 years, two months and 15 days of service. Mr. Wilkinson was 65 years of age Sunday and civil service regulations do not permit an employee to work after he has reached that age.

Mr. Wilkinson began his service as a mail carrier out of Lavalette on March 15, 1910, during the presidency of William Howard Taft. On January 2, 1917, he was transferred to Wayne and has worked out of here ever since.

During that time he has missed only five days, other than Sundays and holidays, and that was in 1913 when he became ill during the severe flu epidemic which swept this section.

Mr. Wilkinson used a horse until six years ago and since that time has used a car or buggy. His route is about 33 miles each day so that he has traveled approximately 210,000 miles during his service as a mail carrier. Over 150,000 miles were traveled on horseback.

Mr. Wilkinson had only one unusual experience to report. He said that he was probably the only mail carrier who had purchased cloth for a woman to make her wedding outfit. It was impossible for the women to come to town and she enlisted the services of Mr. Wilkinson in providing her wedding gown. He bought the cloth at the R. S. Sansom store here and carried it to the happy bride-to-be, whose name he refused to reveal because of a promise to keep it a secret.

Until Mr. Wilkinson's successor is chosen in a civil service examination to be called for the purpose, his route will be handled by William Blankenship who has been appointed temporary carrier.



The 100th anniversary of the Bethesda Baptist church on the left fork of Twelve Pole five miles from Wayne, will be celebrated Sunday, July 14, with an all-day program.

Baptists of this section are planning an impressive ceremony to commemorate the church's anniversary. Charley Walker of Wayne, deputy circuit clerk, said a program was being prepared and would be announced within a few days.

Rev. W. S. Napier of Stickler, Arkansas, who was admitted to membership and baptized by the Bethesda church, is expected to attend and deliver the sermon at eleven o'clock the morning of July 14. Rev. Napier is a native of Wayne county, the son of the late Robert Napier, who lived near East Lynn.

Rev. Lawrence Dickerson of Prospect, Ohio, who was ordained by the church, will attend and participate in the services.

The Bethesda church was constituted July 12, 1835. Thomas Harmon and Goodwin Lycan were the presbyters who constituted the church, which began its existence with 13 members.

The original records of the church are not in existence so a complete roll of the first members is not available. Some of the early members, however, were Amanda F. Osburn, Mr. Walker's mother, and Milton and Nancy Ferguson, great grandparents of Judge C. W. Ferguson of Wayne.

The original church building is still standing and in use, but it was not constructed until 1881. Before that time the church services were held in a school building on Two Mile. The church building is a frame structure and is commodious and above the average for rural churches.

All non-resident members as well as those who have been members of the church are especially urged to be present at the centennial celebration. The public is also invited to attend.



Work on the relocation of U. S. Route 52 between Lavalette and Huntington is nearing completion, it was stated Monday by Harry Hatfield of Barboursville, the contractor. If good weather prevails the new stretch of highway can be opened to traffic within two weeks, he said.

One of the final tasks, a fill at Lavalette between the point of intersection with the present route and the railroad, is now in progress and will be completed within two days, it was estimated by Mr. Hatfield. There will remain only the work of removing one slide to complete the entire project.

The new road connects with Fifth street in Huntington, has no hills or curves and is two and one-half miles shorter than the present route between Lavalette and Huntington. Work on the project began last August. Hard-surfacing of the new route next fall is regarded as a possibility by road men, although the road commission has made no official announcement.


(WCN - 7/4/1935) Dam Being Built Near This City

A masonry dam is being constructed across Twelve Pole creek just below the town of Wayne. Work was started last week and is expected to be completed within five weeks.

T. J. Maynard is the foreman, and about 60 men have been assigned to the dam this month by the ERA. This is one of a series of dams which are to be built for the purpose of providing boating, skating, fishing and other recreational activities.

Work is expected to be started on the Ardel dam about the first of August. The Bob's Branch dam is about 75 per cent completed and this project is expected to be resumed during the summer.



Wayne has been selected among 26 communities where new state police detachment posts will be opened within a week, according to an announcement made at Charleston by Col, P. D. Shingleton, superintendent of the state department of public safety. The state police detachment will have headquarters in the court house here. How many troopers will be assigned to the unit has not been learned.

It has been several years since a state police post was maintained here. The organization is being expanded, 78 being enlisted. One of the new policemen who will be added to the force this month is B. B. Bunn of Wayne, son of Deputy Sheriff and Mrs. E. D. Bunn.



The Kenova-Catlettsburg bridge over the Big Sandy river is to become toll free after July 31, 1944 under conditions of a sale to the Kentucky highway commission, negotiations for which have been approved in part.

Until the designated date, under terms of the sale, the Midland Atlantic Bridge Co., owners of the bridge, are to continue as operators.

Formality of approval by the stockholders of the bridge company has yet to be voted and the abstract of the title to the property remains to be approved by the attorney general of Kentucky.

Principle stockholders in the bridge company are First-Third National Bank & Trust Co., of Cincinnati and the Second National Bank of Ashland.

The Kenova-Catlettsburg span was built by J. C. C. Mayo and associates of Ashland and is a principal link in U. S. No. 60 highway.

Revenues are estimated at about $110,000 a year gross, J. L. Donaldson, chairman of the Kentucky highway commission said in confirming the sale, and operating expenses are about $25,000 exclusive of taxes, insurance, and

other overhead charges.

Abandoned Negotiations

Until about two months ago negotiations were being carried on by the West Virginia state highway commission for the purchase of the bridge. When a preliminary offer for purchase was made by the Kentucky commission the West Virginia commission abandoned its negotiations.

The Kentucky highway commission, Mr. Donaldson said, requires that the span be insured for the benefit of the commission during the term of the contract.

"We believe," he said, "that the arrangements are advantageous for both the bridge company and the public."



Two state policemen have been assigned to Wayne under the reorganization of the department of public safety which is being put into effect along with the enlistment of 78 candidates for state police posts.

The two state policemen assigned to Wayne are Corporals R. C. Dilley and Deryl Langford. They will have their headquarters in the court house and are expected to arrive here this week.

A new state police recruit is B. B. Bunn, of Wayne, who left Monday for Charleston to report at state headquarters. He will be stationed at Fairmont, headquarters for Company A. Bunn is the son of Deputy Sheriff and Mrs. E. D. Bunn of Wayne.

Under the new program the state police will patrol the highways and concentrate their efforts toward eliminating drunken drivers.



L. L. Lycan, Fort Gay recorder, went to Charleston Wednesday to submit to M. L. O'Neil, acting director of PWA, the town's plans and application for a water system.

The plans as drawn by Paul Blundon, engineer of Keyser, and approved by the Fort Gay council Tuesday night, provide for the expenditure of $34,000 for a water works. Forty-five percent of this sum would be an outright grant to the town and 55 percent would be a loan.

Fort Gay has also applied to the WPA for a grant of $16,000 to install a sewer system. "We are reasonably certain the sewer system project will be approved," Mr. Lycan said.



Corporal R. C. Dilley and Trooper Beryl Langford, of the state police, have established the new post in Wayne and are occupying an office cn the second floor of the court house.

Corporal Dilley, who is in command of the Wayne post, is a veteran in state police service. He has been engaged in this work for over 13 years in Kanawha, Mingo and McDowell counties.

Trooper Langford, of Glenville, is entering upon his first assignment with the state police, having been enlisted last week when 78 new recruits were added to the organization throughout the state. He attended the training school at Point Pleasant and his favorable showing there led to his selection for police work.

The state police will patrol the highways and do general police work in Wayne county, Corporal Dilley said. Both men are thoroughly trained in the latest methods of crime investigation in keeping with the policy of the department to constantly raise the standards of police work. Both, also, have been schooled in the jujitsu art of wrestling. Jujitsu is practiced mainly as a means of self defense and consists of a series of tricky wrestling tactics which are so efficient as to enable an 11-year-old boy to throw a 185-pound man over his shoulders and flat on the ground. This is exactly the feat performed at the recent training school in Point Pleasant by the son of Col. P. D. Shingleton, head of the state police organization in West Virginia. So the moral is: Don't wrestle with the state police!

Both Corporal Dilley and Trooper Langford are married and each has one child. Corporal Dilley has already moved his family to Wayne and taken residence in an apartment in Hall street.

Throughout the state a campaign has been launched by the state police to arrest drivers of "one-eyed" cars and to test brakes and lights.



Operation of the water works by the town of Wayne has been a financial failure and the only hope for the future is an outright grant from the WPA for a new system, in the opinion of C. J. McMahon, a member of the city council.

In a prepared statement, a copy of which he handed to Wayne County News, Mr. McMahon reviewed the financial history of the local water works, and termed it a dismal failure.

"The water system in Wayne cost, during the last fiscal year, approximately $500 more than its receipts, " Mr. McMahon said.

"In other words, according to my figures, the town lost at least $500.00 on the operation of the water system during the past year."

Mr. McMahon said that part of the loss was due to the heavy repair bills occasioned by frequent breakdowns in the pump, and that these items would not occur this year, since the town has purchased and installed a new pump.

Notwithstanding this fact, Mr. McMahon said, the history of the town's handling of obligations incurred by the construction of the water works about 12 years ago is "so poor that I do not believe the PWA would even consider making us a loan to improve the water system here."

He said the bond issue for the water works was $12,600 and that during the 12 years since, the town has paid off only $2,600 of this amount, leaving an unpaid balance of $10,000. These bonds mature in 30 years from date of issue, Mr. McMahon said, but pointed out that the town was remitting to the state sinking fund commission only about enough each year to pay the interest of $550 on the bonds and was setting aside practically nothing to pay the principal, due in about 18 years from now.

The town, he said, has a balance f $1,031.37 in the state sinking fund, but part of this amount has been invented by the sinking fund commission and the balance will not retire another bond. The bonds outstanding are of $1,000 denomination each.

Mr. MeMahon said the total paid into the sinking fund during the 12-year period from 1924 to the present time was $10,390.87. The disbursements from that fund, he said, amounted to $9,359.50, including the retirement of two $1,000 bonds and one $600 bond.

The town's balance of $1,031.27 in the sinking fund should be used to pay off one of the bonds and thus save the town $55 interest charge per year, in the opinion of Mr. McMahon. He added that the town ccuncil and officials are investigating the possibility of persuading the sinking fund commission to use the balance to retire one of the bonds, thus effecting the $55 saving.

But this meager sum will not solve the problem and unless the town can secure an outright grant from the WPA, under which arrangement the federal government would pay the whole cost of installing a new water works, there are only two courses left to the city council, Mr. McMahon believes. These are, be said, to either raise the water rates to a figure which would make the system self-supporting or to sell the water works to a private concern.


(WCN - 9/5/1935) Singing Convention To Be Held Here Sept. 15

The fall meeting of the Wayne county singers' association will he held at Wayne on September 15, it was announced this week by J D. Pearson, of Huntington, president. It will be the second and final singing convention of the year.

The September meeting, Mr. Pearson said, will he held on the high school property where there is an outside platform. If the weather is not suitable for an outdoors meeting the convention will be held in the court house.

It was decided that an outdoors meeting would be more convenient for the large crowd expected to attend. The singing convention is one of the most popular events in Wayne county and is attended each time by the best singing

groups from this and adjoining counties.

The annual election of officers will take place at the next convention, it was announced. Mr. Pearson said he would not be a candidate to succeed himself as president. Other officers are R. F. Booton, of Wayne, secretary, and Lee Osburn, of Wayne route, treasurer.

"We hope to have all the quartets and choirs who have attended so faithfully in the past with us again at the singing convention this month," Mr. Pearson said. He stressed the fact that all singing groups are invited to attend. The public is also invited to come out and bring basket dinners. Singing will begin at ten o'clock and continue the remainder of the day.



Several men at Crum who presumably have been digging for gold have abandoned their efforts but are still looking for the stranger who put them to work and failed to pay them, it was reported in Wayne this week.

According to reports received here, the men worked in two shifts for about two weeks, digging for the hidden treasure on the property of Aaron Corn. Seven men worked during the day, five at night, and they reached a depth of 30 feet, the excavation being six by 12 feet in dimension.

Kim Walker, of Crum, who was in Wayne the first of the week, told Wayne County News that two of his sons worked with the crew of gold diggers. According to the story related to Mr. Walker, a stranger--a Negro who claims to be part Indian--came to Crum about three weeks ago with what he said were maps of that country showing a rich deposit of gold in that vicinity. He hired men to dig for the gold on Mr. Corn's property, it is reported, and the men understood they were to be paid for their labors. Mr. Corn was to receive part of the gold. In the meantime the stranger stayed at the Corn home.

Last week, however, the laborers became discouraged when they neither received pay nor struck gold and decided to go on a strike. They decided, it was said, to let the hidden treasure stay hidden.

At the last report the stranger who hired them had disappeared.



A $21,818 loan and grant to the town of Wayne for improving its water works system, and a $36,363 loan and grant to the town of Fort Gay for construction of a new water supply system were approved last Thursday by President Roosevelt, it was announced that day in a telegram received by Wayne County News from Congressman George W. Johnson, fourth district representative in congress.

Similar notices of the appropriations were received by officials of the two towns on the same day in telegrams sent by Congressman Johnson and U. S. Senator M. M. Neely.

Work is expected to start on the two projects around the first of December. Approximately 106 men will be employed for three months, the estimated time required to complete each project. The Wayne project will employ 45 workmen and the Fort Gay construction will employ 61.

Workers, it is understood, will be employed through the reemployment office at Huntington. The projects will be let to contract and supervised by representatives of J. Paul Blundon, of Keyser, consulting engineer who prepared plans for both projects.

The wage scale will be 45 cents per hour for unskilled labor and $1.10 per hour for skilled labor. Wayne officials said.

Improvements Planned

Improvements to the water works at Wayne will consist of the installation of a rapid sand filtration plant and the laying of a six-inch cast iron pipe line from the pump to the northwest corner of the court house square, where it will be joined with a four-inch line leading to the steel reservoir tank of 50,000 gallon capacity. The six-inch line from the pump will replace a two-inch line now in use.

Two new pumps will be installed and the passage of water thru the filtration plant will be increased from the present rate of 20 gallons per minute to 100 gallons per minute.

"The proposed improvements will furnish an adequate supply of filtered water for the town," Mr. Blundon wrote in the application submitted to the government.

No attempt will be made to provide fire protection at this time but it is understood several fire hydrants will be installed in the business section.

There is no settling basin in the present water system and in time of high water it is almost impossible to get any water to the storage tank due to the excessive washing necessary to keep the filter working. The improvement will remedy this condition.

A brick structure will be built to house the pumping equipment and filtration plant. The basin, filter and pump room walls will be of reinforced concrete. The superstructure will be tile with a flat reinforced roof. One high and one low lift pump will be installed.

Labor Preference

Preference in the employment of labor will be given to World war veterans residing within the corporation limits of Wayne. Men residing in other parts of the county will be employed if there is not enough labor here to fill the demand.

The water rates are to be identical with the present ones, except that a 25-cent penalty will be added instead of the 25-cent discount now allowed on all bills paid when due. The minimum bill, therefore, will be $1.50 if paid by the 10th of the month, instead of $1.25 as at present.

The "break down" of the costs is as follows:

Labor--unskilled, $4,284; intermediate, $1,535; skilled, $275; total labor, $6,092; superintendence and contractor's profit, $2,682; professional services, $3,245; materials, supplies and equipment, $8,786; contingent expenses $815; land and rights-of-way, $380.

Fort Gay Project

Fort Gay at the present time has no water system. The domestic supply is obtained from wells. The proposed water system will furnish a safe domestic supply and, in addition, will supply a measure of fire protection.

The proposed system will take water from Tug river and after filtering it will pump it to the proposed 50,000 gallon steel tank on an adjoining hill through a six-inch cast iron line.

The proposed filter plant is of the rapid sand type, designed to furnish 50 gallons per minute.

The basin and filter will be of steel. The pump room will be concrete with a wooden roof. A high and low lift pump will be installed. Due to the wide variation in the river level, the engineer said, it will be necessary to either mount the low lift pump on an incline or place it in a pump pit extending down to 15 feet above low water.

It is estimated that there will be 85 consumers and that the total operating revenue will amount to $2,130 per year and operating expense the first year is estimated at $380, leaving a net revenue of $1,750 the first year, 1936. Therefore the expense is estimated to increase $20 per year until in 1959, when the final bond is to mature the expense would amount to $840, thus leaving a net revenue of $1,290 for that year.

Interest charges are estimated to be $768 the first year and gradually drop each year to $32 in 1959. It is estimated that the revenue will permit retirement of an $800 bond each year until the final bend is retired in 1959 and still leave enough surplus to take care of emergencies, such as repairs, extensions, etc.

Proposed Rates

The proposed rate at Fort Gay for water service is thirty cents per thousand gallons for the first 5,000 gallons and 25 cents for each thousand over 5,000. The minimum bill proposed is $1.50 per month if paid when due, otherwise a ten per cent penalty will be added,

The Fort Gay system would supply the schools in addition to private homes and business houses.

The cost of various items in the construction of the Fort Gay project has been estimated as follows:

Labor, unskilled, $6,602; intermediate, $2,605; skilled, $363, a total for labor of $9,570; superintendence and contractor's profit, $3,782; professional services, $4,513; materials, supplies and equipment, $14,353; land and rights-of-way, $1.000; continugent expense, $782.

Forty-five per cent of the amount proposed to each town is an outright grant from the federal government and 55 per cent is a loan, to be repaid over a long period of years.

The Fort Gay application had been rejected about three weeks ago but was reconsidered and approved last week. Efforts of Wayne officials to obtain a loan and grant of $25,000 under the former PWA setup failed earlier this year.


(WCN - 10/10/1935)


(WCN -10/10/1935) Flames Destroy School At Cove Gap On Monday

Fire of undetermined origin destroyed the Cove Gap school house at the head of Cove Creek, in Grant district, Monday morning at three o'clock.

Until other arrangements are made the school will be held in the church building, which school authorities have rented. There are 54 pupils in the school.

The Cove Gap school was a one- room institution and the loss is unofficially estimated at about $500. The cause of the fire is not known but authorities believe marauders entered the building and caused the fire. Ida M. Osburn is the teacher there.

It was the second building to be destroyed by fire since July, the other being the Double Cabin school. All frame houses have been uninsured since rates were increased sometime ago but the board of education is planning to take out insurance, it was stated Ly J. T. Lambert, president.



The Twelve Pole Junior High school, located above Kiahsville in Grant district, has been closed because of insufficient attendance, it was announced this week by J. T. Lambert, president of the Wayne county hoard of education.

Only 13 students were enrolled in the school as compared with 40 required to keep the school open, Mr. Lambert said.

Seven students from the Twelve Pole school have enrolled at Wayne County High school and one has enrolled at Buffalo High school. Other students from Grant district are expected to enter high school in the near future.

There were two faculty members at the Twelve Pole Junior High school. One, Miss Violet Puckett of Kenova, has been added to the Wayne County High school faculty as a teacher of English and social sciences. The other, Herman Simpkins of Beech Fork, was transferred to the Buffalo faculty.

High school students of Grant district who can qualify will be given scholarships amounting to $6 per month under the National Youth administration program, it was learned.

The action in closing the junior high school has in no way affected the graded school which occupies the same building, Mr. Lambert said.

The seven students from Twelve Pole who have enrolled at the local high school are as follows:

Early Maynard, Kenneth Kirk, Lindsey Perry, Archie Maynard, Wavie Tomblin, Stolla Maynard and Raymond Maynard. They enrolled Monday.

Another student who enrolled Monday at the local high school is Clara Adkins of East Lynn.


(WCN - 10/17/1935) Masons Meeting At Williamson

One hundred and thirty Royal Arch Masons attended the 65th annual convocation of the grand chapter of Royal Arch Masons of West Virginia at Williamson on Monday and Tuesday.

Those attending from the Wayne lodge were J. D. Poindexter, Muss Lester and G. C. Bloss. Mr. Bloss resides in Tennessee but retains his membership in the local lodge.

P. P. Lester of Wayne, grand lecturer who was to have conducted a school of instruction, was prevented from attending by the serious illness of his father.

The grand lodge of the A. F. and A. M., of which Lawson D. Willis of Kenova is grand master, opened its annual convention at Williamson Wednesday and will continue in session Thursday. Mr. Willis will preside over the sessions. All A. F. and A. M. lodges in Wayne county are represented at the convention.



Fifty-five Wayne county youths were accepted for CCC enlistment after undergoing physical examinations at Huntington Friday, it was announced today by Miss Mildred Taylor, director of special projects for the Wayne county ERA. The youths are:

Walter Adkins, Prichard; Raymond Billups, Fort Gay; Charles Casey, Westmoreland; Grady Copley, Genoa; Paul Akers, Prichard; Leon Billups, Fort Gay; John Booth, Wayne; Amos Carter, Wayne; Curtis Davis, Wayne; Alden Dean and Fred Dean, Fort Gay; Henry Dingess, Stiliner; Eddie George, Kenova; Ivan Fortner, Ferguson; Millard Fugitt, Glenhayes; Billy Fuller, Westmoreland; Clarence Hargis, Shoals; Joe Harless, Harts; Carl Harmon, Shoals.

Robert Hayton, Carl Hoosier and Vay Hoosier, Prichard; Delbert Lowe and Noah Lowe, Kiahsville; William F. Lyons, Ceredo; Ezekiel Maynard, East Lynn; Cebern Mills, Wayne; Carl M. McCoy, Shoals; Walter McCoy, Huntington; Henry McNich, Wilsondale; Boyd Hunley, Kiahsville; Charles Perdue, Prichard; Charley Perry, East Lynn; Jimmy Pinnell, Westmoreland; Alex Howard Pratt, Dunlow; Cletis Ramsey, East Lynn; Ed Rosebury, Ferguson; Talmadge Ross, Wayne.

Donald Rowe and Buford Windson Runyon, Ceredo; Charles Smith, Prichard; Charles Stewart, Ceredo; Clyde W. Trent, Quaker; Heber Tucker, Wayne; Clarence Wallace, Genoa; Ernie Wallace, Kiahsville; Ercel Walker, Genoa; Burgess Webb, Fort Gay; Charles Webb, Fort Gay; Elmen Wellman, Prichard; Jesse White, Herbert; Gerald Williamson, Kenova; P. Austin Wilson, Fort Gay; Ray Workman, Ceredo; Charles Queen, East Lynn.



The commission on historic and scenic markers proposes to erect three roadside markers in Wayne county calling attention to important phases of history in the county's development and growth.

One marker will deal with Wayne county and the others will give facts about the history of Wayne and Ceredo-Kenova. In addition, there will be five markers as follows:

At the Wayne-Cabell line on Route 52; Wayne-Mingo, Route 52; Wayne-Kentucky, Route 60; Wayne-Cabell, Route 60; Wayne-Kentucky, Route 37.

The marker dealing with Wayne county will have the following inscription: "Wayne county, formed in 1842 from Cabell. Named for Gen. 'Mad Anthony' Wayne, whose victory over the western Indians in 1794 at Fallen Timbers broke the Indian confederacy and removed the menace of the red men from western Virginia."

The marker at Wayne will be inscribed as follows: "First called Trout's Hill for Abraham Trout who established mills here in 1828 which ran for a century. Large areas of this county were included in the land grant to John Savage and other veterans of the French and Indian war."

The following inscription is proposed for the Ceredo-Kenova marker: "Ceredo--founded in 1857 by Eli Thayer, of Massachusetts, an abolition leader, in his plan to create sentiment against slavery in western states. Kenova--named for the meeting place of three states, Kentucky, Ohio and W. Va."

Ross B. Johnston, acting director of the West Virginia commission on historic and scenic markers, announced that if any citizen of Wayne county, alter checking the suggestions carefully as to date and general statement of fact, discovered an error in the proposed inscriptions he would appreciate receiving a correction addressed to the commission at room 203, city building, Charleston, within the next week.


(WCN - 11/7/1935)



One Wayne county road project, approved by the WPA, has been given the starting signal by State Road Commissioner Burr H. Simpson and construction was begun Tuesday morning.

It is the Beech Fork road from Lavalette via Bowen and Winslow to the mouth of Bowen's creek, a distance of ten miles. From this point the road circles in Cabell county a distance of three miles, and this stretch is being improved as a part of the WPA program in Cabell county.

The improvement consists of widening, draining, laying stone base and surfacing with creek travel. A number of "I" beam bridges with stone abutments will also be constructed.

Eventually, it was announced, the road will be constructed all the way to East Lynn via Nestlow and Girard, making a total of 35 miles at an estimated cost of $197,328 for the stretch from Lavalette to East Lynn.

Supervision of the road work which started Tuesday is by the state road commission, but all labor is employed by the WPA. Equipment being used includes one shovel, one tractor, one air compressor and six trucks furnished by the road commission.

Road projects have been started in 53 counties of the state, it was announced. They are known as farm-to-market roads.

More Projects Seen

Two WPA projects recently started in Wayne county are the construction of a dairy barn at the county poor farm and the improvernent of streets and laying of a sanitary sewer system at Fort Gay.

Prospects for additional WPA projects for Wayne county appeared brighter Friday when F. Witcher McCullough, state WPA odministrator, allotted $17,130,000 to counties with orders approved jobs are to begin immediately.

The Wayne county allotment is $482,000 and the number of persons to be employed is 1,739.

Only those jobs which can be completed by June 30, 1936, will be undertaken and only persons on relief rolls as of May, 1933, will be employed, McCullough said.

Completion of a list of projects to be started through to the construction stage at once is expected this week.



High water all but wrecked the Wayne dam last week.

Water washed away a sand bank at the end of the dam and cut into the embankment under the state road, threatening serious damage to the highway and the Sansom bridge. The dam held but water was eating its way around one end of the dam.

The local unit of the state road commission, head by Cay Booth, stopped the erosive action of the water in time to prevent undermining the highway. Stone, brush and logs were dumped into the breach Thursday and Friday to prevent further washing away of the earth supporting the road.

The channel cut by the water between the dam and the state read is about 35 feet wide.

Work of closing the gap between the dam and the highway was resumed Wednesday morning by the road commission's local employes, with the assistance of a force of about 40 men from the transient camp at Barboursville. The transients are being used to quarry rock which the road workers are dumping into the deep ravine.

It was explained, however, that the road commission is interested only in preventing damage to the highway and bridge, one pier of which, local persons reared, would be undermined if the water was not changed back into its former channel.

The ERA, Administrator W. D. Bowling said, cannot work on the dam because ERA work projects have stopped. Local sportsmen are awaiting the outcome of the work now in progress to see whether it will serve as a dam before deciding what steps to take.


(WCN - 11/28/1935) $25,000 Allotted For Streets Here As WPA Speeds Up Work In County

Word was received here Tuesday That the WPA has allotted $25,000 for street improvements in Wayne and that work will start within a few days.

The project will be carried out with Henry Taylor as superintendent, Hugh Ketchum as foreman and Boyd Adkins as timekeeper, it was learned.

The improvements will include the hard-surfacing of four principal streets in Wayne, namely Keyser, Bluefield, River and Hendricks, a total of 3,800 lineal feet. Other streets to be hard-surfaced or provided with stone base are Hall, from the county jail to River street; South Court, from the shoe shop to the Log Cabin Canteen; Garrett's Creek road; turn off from Garrett's Crock road to high school; Palo Alto, from western end of Bluefield street past Paris Adkins' home; from end of Keyser street to brick yard.

Other Projects To Begin

Other WPA projects to be started this week include:

Kenova canal, $25,000. This is to be a drainage system for the south side of the city.

Widening of Chestnut street, Kenova, $25,000.

Twenty-three miles of creek and hollow road work will also be started this week or next, as follows:

Road over cemetery hill, Ceredo district.

East side of Twelve Pole Creek, Westmoreland district.

From Route 52 to mouth of Bull creek, Lincoln district.

From Route 52 down Tug river to mouth of Bull creek.

From Stiltner, Stonewall district, to Ferguson, Lincoln district.

From mouth of Cove Creek to mouth of Kiahs Creek in Grant district.

These projects were selected to take care of the sections where the relief burden is heaviest, it was explained.

Road Work Underway

Work has already started on improving about 38 miles of creek and hollow roads, as follows:

From Buffalo creek 1 1-2 miles southwest of Dunleith to state route 1 at Big Sandy river, Ceredo district, 3 1-2 miles.

Beginning at state route 60 at mouth of Hubbard's Branch to junction with state routes 7 and 5, distance of two miles, in Westmoreland district.

Beginning on Buffalo Creek state route 7 at end of present gravel road and follow state routes 7 and 19 to state route 19 on White's Creek, three miles, Ceredo district.

Effie, along state route 34 to connect with Route 52 at Genoa, Lincoln district, four miles.

Booton to Bowen, four miles Union district.

Leaving Route 52 at mouth of Wilson's Creek and following right fork of the creek to a junction with route 24 at head of Newcomb Creek, five miles, Union and Stonewall districts.

From route 52 near Crum to Dicy, Lincoln district, five miles.

From Effie over secondary road to Genoa and to Nursery Gap, four miles, Lincoln district.

From boy scout camp up Bob's Branch with route 6 to junction with route 4, thence to Cabell county line, 3 8-10 miles, Westmoreland district.

From state primary route 37 along Beechy Branch road to state route 37-16, distance of 3 6-10 miles, Grant district.



Contracts for the construction of the improved Wayne water works have been executed and approved by all parties concerned, it was announced this week by C. J. Mc-Mahon, a member of the city council.

The contracts, signed by P. H. Shaid, of Elkins, the contrator and approved by the Public Works administration, were received here several days ago. After they are signed by officials of Wayne, there will be nothing else for the town fathers to do about securing a new water works for Wayne but to sit back and await the starting signal.

Bonds in the amount of $12,000, to help finance the improvement, are being printed, Mr. McMahon said. The amount represents a loan from the PWA, which also granted the town an outright grant of $9,818 which will not have to be paid back.

Mr. Shaid was awarded the contract on his bid of $17,235.

That the new system is needed was demonstrated last week-end when the water pump broke down Friday. Repairmen worked night and day before the pump was placed in working order again.

There was only a short interruption in water service, since water in the reserve tank supplied local consumers until early Sunday morning. Water service was restored at ten o'clock Sunday morning when the pump was placed back in operation.